From Dr. Patricia Trujillo “On September 16, 1810 Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, a man known as the Father of Mexico’s Independence, initiated the fight for freedom as he made a cry, or grito, which sparked the beginning of Mexico’s battle for independence from Spain. The anniversary of this major event beginning in 1825, is celebrated as Mexican Independence Day.
Although many mistakenly attribute the Cinco de Mayo holiday as the celebration of Mexican independence, Sept. 16 was the day the enthusiastic Indian and mestizo congregation of Hidalgo’s small Dolores parish church took up arms and began their fight for freedom against Spain. Similar to New Mexico’s own “Pueblo Indian Revolt of 1680,” indigenous and mestizo peoples of Mexico asserted their rights as descendants of the original people of Mexico. This impacted Nuevomexicanos as the war that followed El Grito – the Mexican War of Independence – ended Spanish rule over Mexico in 1821 and opened Spanish provinces up to trade between Mexico and the United States.
September is also a notable month for Hispanic culture with the celebration of Hispanic Heritage Month Sept 15 – Oct. 15. Sept. 15 is significant because it is the anniversary of independence for Latin American countries Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. In addition to Mexico’s independence day on Sept. 16, Chile recognizes its independence day Sept.18. Also, Indigenous Peoples Day or Día de la Raza, which is Oct. 12, falls within this 30-day period.
Whether this is your heritage or you are just interested in learning more about how Chicanx/Latinx/Hispanic History is American History, here are a couple of links to start your journey:
Be on the lookout for announcements about Hispanic Heritage Month events on and off campus! More info coming soon!